History Subdivisions: Shrievalties Lieutenancy areas Counties list. History Subdivisions : Regions Ceremonial counties list Metropolitan and Non-metropolitan counties Unitary authorities list Districts list Civil parishes list. History Subdivisions: Counties Districts. Categories : Subdivisions of England Local government in England. Hidden categories: Pages using deprecated image syntax Wikipedia articles in need of updating from March All Wikipedia articles in need of updating Commons category link from Wikidata.
Isle of Wight C1. East of England. Thurrock U. Southend-on-Sea U. Luton U. Bedford U. Central Bedfordshire U. Peterborough U. East Midlands. Derby U. Nottingham U.
Lincolnshire part only. Leicester U. Rutland U.
The Town and Country Planning (Regions)(National Parks)(England) Order
London Greater London. City of London. North East England. Northumberland U. County Durham U. Darlington U. Hartlepool U. Stockton-on-Tees U. North Yorkshire part only. Redcar and Cleveland U. Middlesbrough U.
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North West England. Cheshire East U. Cheshire West and Chester U. Halton U. Warrington U.
Blackpool U. Blackburn with Darwen U. South East England. Milton Keynes U. Southampton U. Portsmouth U. Isle of Wight U. Medway U. South West England. Bath and North East Somerset U. North Somerset U. Bristol U. South Gloucestershire U. Swindon U. Wiltshire U. Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole U. Torbay U. Plymouth U. Isles of Scilly sui generis U. Cornwall U. West Midlands. Herefordshire U. Shropshire U. Telford and Wrekin U. Stoke-on-Trent U. Yorkshire and the Humber.
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York U. East Riding of Yorkshire. East Riding of Yorkshire U.
Kingston upon Hull U. The functions of the English regions were essentially devolved to them from Government departments or were taken over from pre-existing regional bodies, such as regional planning conferences and regional employers' organisations.
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Each assembly also made proposals for the UK members of the Committee of the Regions , with members drawn from the elected councillors of the local authorities in the region. The final nominations were made by central government. As power was to be devolved to Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales without a counterweight in England, a series of referendums were planned to establish elected regional assemblies in some of the regions.
The first was held in London in and was passed. A referendum was held in North East England on 4 November , but the proposal for an elected assembly was rejected. Plans to hold further referendums in other regions were first postponed and then cancelled. A campaign for the establishment of a Cornish assembly , including a petition to the UK government in , was largely ignored and no referendum was held. In , a Treasury Review for new Prime Minister Gordon Brown recommended that greater powers should be given to local authorities and that the Regional Chambers should be phased out of existence by Their primary goal was stated as being to improve communication between central government and the regions of England.
Most of their functions transferred to the relevant regional development agency and to local authority leaders' boards. In June , the incoming Coalition Government announced its intentions to abolish regional strategies and return spatial planning powers to local government. These plans include the withdrawal of funding to the existing eight Local Authority Leaders' Boards, with their statutory functions also being assumed by local councils.
The boards in most cases continue to exist as voluntary associations of council leaders, funded by the local authorities themselves. These changes did not affect the directly elected London Assembly , which was established by separate legislation as part of the Greater London Authority. Following the abolition of the Government Offices in , it was announced that the former Government Office Regions GOR would henceforth be known, for the purposes of statistical analysis, simply as Regions.
The standard is developed and regulated by the European Union EU. A hierarchy of three levels is established by Eurostat. The sub-structure corresponds to administrative divisions within the country. In its later years the Labour government adopted the concept of city regions, regions consisting of a metropolitan area and its hinterland or Travel to Work Areas. However, this was later discontinued as a result of the May general election, although the Conservative—Liberal Democrat coalition government did agree to the creation of the Greater Manchester Combined Authority and West Yorkshire Combined Authority in , with all other proposals and the regional development agencies being subsumed into the local enterprise partnerships.
Local government in England does not follow a uniform structure. Therefore, each region is divided into a range of further subdivisions. London is divided into London boroughs and one county while the other regions are divided into metropolitan counties , shire counties and unitary authorities. Counties are further divided into districts and some areas are also parished. Regions are also divided into sub-regions, which usually group socio-economically linked local authorities together.
The Regions of England
However, the sub-regions have no official status and are little used other than for strategic planning purposes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Highest tier of sub-national division in England. England in the EU. Local Government. Other countries Atlas. See also: Historical and alternative regions of England. East of England. South East.
South West. East Midlands. West Midlands. Yorkshire and the Humber. North East. North West. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: City region United Kingdom. Main article: Subdivisions of England. Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 24 November Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or UK public library membership required. Spring, , pp.
Fawcett that detailed 12 provinces he considered to be the "natural divisions of England". Detailed boundaries were proposed with regional capitals designated on the basis of the possession of universities or university colleges. February , pp. Cole in The Future of Local Government in In the Ministry of Health published its own proposals for 15 provinces, subdivided into 59 regions E.
July , pp. The Times.
Chapter Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original on 28 May Retrieved 27 February BBC News.